SISTERS WITH TRANSISTORS – Review by Leslie Combemale

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At the very beginning of writer/director Lisa Rovner’s documentary Sisters With Transistors, narrator and famed avant-garde composer Laurie Anderson explains, “This is the story of women who hear music in their heads….of dreams enabled by technology”. The film chronologically delves into the work of some of the most visionary pioneers in the history of electronic music, who also happen to be women, which of course means their contributions have remained largely unsung. Over the roughly hour and a half running time, Rovner proves these women essential in terms of their importance to expanding the boundaries and definition of what music can be. That she does so while maintaining the perfect balance of the intellectual and the emotional, through chosen interviews and footage, allows Sisters With Transistors to transcend so many merely informational documentaries to become essential viewing for all feminists and lovers of the history of music.

The first subject is perhaps the most well-known within music circles, Clara Rockmore. Rockmore was a classically trained violin prodigy and virtuoso who, after meeting the inventor of one of the first electronic instruments, the theremin, went on to unparalleled mastery of it, touring all over the world. This was the first time electronic music was received by a concert hall audience, and though the public started out dismissing the theremin as lesser and artificial, her skill and passion with the instrument was impossible to ignore, winning them over. Composer, inventor, and BBC sound engineer Daphne Oram leveraged ongoing developments in audio technology to create new ways of making sound with electronics. She co-founded the highly influential BBC Radiophonic Workshop, and was a leading pioneer of ‘musique concrète, which uses recorded sounds as raw materials for composition. Also highlighted is the work of Bebe Barron. She and her husband Louis wrote the first electronic film score for Forbidden Planet. Together, they created the foundation for modern multi-track recording. Composer and humanitarian Pauline Oliveros shifted perception of electronic music and music in general by creating compositions meant as a meditative expression of self, and as a consideration of both the individual’s and humankind’s place in nature and in time. She believed and still believes listening is healing, and developed the idea of ‘deep listening’, which is the form of listening that includes everything in our daily lives, from bird calls, car engines, and toilets flushing, to things like the hum of an air conditioner and our own thoughts. This composer represents the perfect expression of what Rovner herself says of all the subjects in the film. Oliveros ‘transformed the very terms of musical thought’. There are segments on Delia Derbyshire, who has been more in the spotlight lately because of several documentaries focused specifically on her, as well as Maryanne Amacher, Eliane Radigue, Susanne Ciani, and Laurie Spiegel. All these women have made unique and far-reaching contributions to electronic music, with lives that could each easily fill 90 minutes of screen time.

It’s in the questions Rovner asks as a filmmaker, and in the questions she poses to her subjects, whether literally or metaphorically, that Sisters With Transistors takes such strong subjective shape. She builds a story of the individual depth and collective artistic value that leaves no question as to these women’s importance to the art world, as well as to our positive growth as a global society. Though every moment of the movie is fascinating, it’s important to point out, however, that in celebrating the importance of often ignored or sidelined female artists, it does seem like an oversight and a missed opportunity not to include more female pioneers of color from the film’s narrative. Pamela Z, who is an electronic pioneer of live digital looping techniques, and a Black woman, comes to mind. Still, in terms of profiling important figures and their contributions in the best light, with honor, depth, and respect, this is all that a documentary should be. Anyway, for many music fans, Rovner will have won them over from the beginning credits, which say “narrated by Laurie Anderson”.

4 1/2 out of 5 stars.

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Leslie Combemale

Leslie Combemale writes as Cinema Siren on her own website,, and is a frequent contributor to MPA's, where she interviews filmmakers above and below the line, with a focus on women and diverse voices. She is the Senior Contributor at Leslie is in her 9th year as producer and moderator of the influential "Women Rocking Hollywood" panel at San Diego Comic-Con. She is a world-renowned expert on cinema art and her film art gallery, ArtInsights, located near DC, has celebrated cinema art and artists for 30 years.