AWFJ Presents: ANTONIA’S LINE – Review by Leslie Combemale

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With Antonia’s Line, writer/director Marleen Gorris created a film that is both a celebration of life and an unflinching look at the challenges intergenerational women faced throughout the 20th century. The feminist filmmaker achieved for world cinema what many great female directors before her could not. 1994’s Antonia’s Line represents the first foreign-language film by a female filmmaker to win an Oscar at the Academy Awards. That’s almost 40 years after the introduction of the foreign language category in 1956. Given the Oscars have had a rather spotty history in terms of truly rewarding the best films, the question is, “Is Antonia’s Line really that good?” The answer is a resounding yes.

The plot starts with Antonia, old and tired, revealing in a voiceover that she has chosen to die that day. She begins looking back at her life and the found family she loves. Just after WW2, widow Antonia (Willeke van Ammelrooy) is called back to her small town to bid her dying mother farewell. She and her daughter Danielle (Els Dottermans) settle down on a farm that they work without help from the men in town. Antonia quickly begins to attract other women in need of refuge. Intellectually disabled Deedee, (Marina de Graaf) becomes part of her family after Danielle discovers Deedee being raped by her brother. Antonia’s headstrong daughter gives birth to her own child Therèse after she and her mother actively seek out a man solely to act as breeder. Danielle adds another powerful woman to the family when she falls in love with Therèse’s teacher Lara. Therèse, a genius, grows up to have both trauma and joy, but chooses to have her own child, Sarah. Sympathetic men weave in and out of this family saga, including Antonia’s longterm love Farmer Bas (whom she denies when he asks her to marry him), Antonia’s close friend and brilliant nihilist Crooked Finger, and Deedee’s love and intellectual equal Loony Lips. Through it all, the decisions made by Antonia, her female descendants, and the women who became part of her found family all have one thing in common. They are made based on what will bring them joy and fulfillment, rather than how they’ll look to society, or how they’ll be seen as women. Adding more than a little whimsy to the tale of these strong-willed spirits are the hallucinogenic visions, experienced most by Danielle and Therèse, which serve as sort of affirmations.

Ammelrooy is spectacular as the determined Antonia, all no-nonsense, keeping her kaleidoscope of emotions tamped down and hidden behind her blunt demeanor, and full of a barely concealed inner spark. It’s clear Ammelrooy’s Antonia has too much work to do and too many people depending on her to go all gooey, but that doesn’t mean she isn’t full of passion. She’s a woman of action, not of pretty words. That’s not an easy portrayal to pull off. Ammelrooy was rewarded by winning the best actress award in her home country at the Nederlands Film Festival.

It’s also a gorgeous movie to watch, with the bucolic landscapes and ensemble scenes so meticulously composed that they feel like moving paintings. Production Designer Harry Ammerlaan and Cinematographer Willy Stassen collaborate on a palette that balances the near-sepia drabness of Dutch farm life with spots of color, like Antonia’s dress as she’s dancing at a family gathering. Stassen also helps to bring director Gorris’s visual language to the screen, which is very different from the norm, particularly the norm in Hollywood. Gorris plays with subject and object, nearly always making the women the subject, coming from their point of view. If there is such a thing as female lens, it’s certainly brought to bear for Antonia’s Line. You don’t notice how rare it is, until you see it in this movie. To see Gorris, queer herself, film Danielle and Lara’s love scenes in such a warm, authentic style that is far from the sensationalized, objectifying way male filmmakers often do it is a balm and relief from a vexation we didn’t know we had.

Gorris also gets a major assist from British composer Ilona Sekacz. Sakacz has had a long career writing across platforms, from concert to film and television to theater. Danielle and Lara’s love scene alone, with its instrumental interplay of majesty and intimacy, is enough to recommend her, but Sekacz finds the perfect instrumentation for every scene without dipping too far into sentimentality.

Antonia’s Line has quite a bit in common with Lasse Hallström’s 2000 film Chocolat. Both begin centered on a single mother and her daughter starting a new life together, and both feature a large, quirky cast of characters that audiences will find compelling. They are also both, at their core, feel-good movies about women who step into their power, using imagination and magical realism to interpret some of their more expansive experiences. The whimsical tone mixed with the juxtapositioning of grim realism against fantastical elements, all within the context of the female experience, feels like ‘magical feminism’.

It’s exceedingly rare to find films that go deeper into the lives and emotions of a female-centered family, while staying planted in joyfulness. For women in 1995, it must have been a breath of fresh air to watch the fully-formed, complicated, sometimes unlikeable, but always sympathetic women with which Gorris populated Antonia’s matriarchal lineage. Hell, let’s be honest. It’s still fresh in 2022!

4 1/2 out of 5 stars.


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Leslie Combemale

Leslie Combemale writes as Cinema Siren on her own website,, and is a frequent contributor to MPA's, where she interviews filmmakers above and below the line, with a focus on women and diverse voices. She is the Senior Contributor at Leslie is in her 9th year as producer and moderator of the influential "Women Rocking Hollywood" panel at San Diego Comic-Con. She is a world-renowned expert on cinema art and her film art gallery, ArtInsights, located near DC, has celebrated cinema art and artists for 30 years.